The dating of the historical buddha a review article Javaadultchatrooms
The Theravada tradition claims that the death of the Buddha occurred in 544 or 543 BCE: this calculation is based on the long chronology (Ceylonese).
When scholars came to know the exact dates for Emperor Ashoka, it turned out to be obvious that this chronology had some errors and the dating of the Buddha based on this chronology was no longer acceptable.
This view favours a date closer to a hundred years before the time of Ashoka’s reign: a nearly 220 year gap (which is the amount of time suggested by the corrected long chronology) seems to be too much time for only five patriarchs.
To sum-up, the death of the Buddha according to different sources are as follows: Based on all the information available, it does not seem to be possible to date the life of the Buddha in an exact and reliable way.
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Prior to Ashoka Buddhism was a relatively minor tradition in India and some scholars have proposed that the impact of the Buddha in his own day was relatively limited.
Archaeological evidence for Buddhism between the death of the Buddha and the time of Ashoka is scarce; after the time of Ashoka it is abundant.
Buddhism is one of the most influential traditions of the Eastern world, with about two and a half thousand years of development.
It has touched and adorned virtually every single aspect of Asian society: its lore, mythology, morals, art and even metaphysics and religion, despite the fact the Buddha, its founder, does not seem to have had any kind of metaphysical or religious concerns.